Figures - Adapted

Figures include: maps, graphs, charts, drawings, and photographs, or any other illustration or nontextual depiction in printed or electronic resources (Chapter 5.0, p. 125).

The following example is for citing a figure that you have created by compiling information from a variety of sources. For example, if you combined data from Passport, Statistics Canada, and a book to create a new chart.


Figure 1. Sale of luxury goods in the United States, Canada, and Britain by value 2009-2012. Data for the United States from Euromonitor (2013), for Canada from Statistics Canada (2012), and for Britain from Kurtzman (2013).


Figure #

  • Numbers are assigned consecutively as the figures appear in your paper, not the Figure # from the original source
  • Figure #'s appear below the figure in italicized text


  • The caption should succinctly describe the content of the figure
  • The caption is not italicized and uses sentence case capitalization

Citation Information

  • Follows after the caption and includes all sources that have been used to create the figure: Title of Work, by Author, and date. You do not need to give the full bibliographic citation - Author (date) is sufficient.
  • Citation information is in title case, Title of Work is in quotation marks.
  • When using multi-source data you should describe what data is coming from where.

Note: Figures must be mentioned in text, i.e. (see Figure 1).

Note: Figures must have a full entry in the Reference List. Note: If you are publishing your work you may need to obtain permission from the original copyright holder prior to publication and place the words Reprinted with permission at the end of the Citation Information below the figure.